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Sound Engineering

SYLLABUS DRAFT

This syllabus is designed to train and equip students with skills to work in the music industry particularly the recording industry.

Its purpose is to provide sound understanding of the skills; the objective being to maintain a high sense music standard by improving the quality of recording.

General objectives:
On completion of this course, the trainee should be able to:

1.Deliver high quality recordings.
2.Deliver high quality mixes.
3.Deliver high quality masters.

 
WEEK 1: ACOUSTIC/BASIC SCIENCE OF SOUND AND HEARING.
– Students will be taken through the basic science of sound and hearing.

a.The human ear and sound perception.
b.Waves: a. various types b. their characteristics c. relation to frequencies.
c.Frequencies and frequency response: a. definition b. frequency response of audio devices: microphone, speaker, circuits and cables. c. voice and instrument ranges.
 
WEEK 2: DIGITAL AUDIO
-Students will be taken through: –
1. The definition of digital audio
2. The development of recording from analog to digital
3. The advantages of digital audio
4. Digital media
5. Digital recording: a. what it is b. the various types c. recording softwares / audio interfacing d. various applications such as music, speech, film etc.

 
WEEK 3: MICROPHONE DESIGN
Methods of Transduction
a. Dynamic
b. Condenser
c. Ribbon
d. Carbon etc, etc
Pick up patterns: – a. omni-directional b. cardiod c. fig. 8 d. super cardiod.
– Frequency response of microphones.

– Microphone applications and techniques
– And directional characteristics
 
WEEK 4: SIGNAL FLOW
a. How signal is captured
b. Routing the signal
c. Various ways by which signal is made to flow
d. Pre amplifiers
e. Inputs and outputs
f. Croups and Busses

Signal Processing
a. Reverbs – description and application
b. Delay – description and application
c. Flanging/Chorus – description and application
d. Others
e. EQ’ing – description and application
Types and how they are applied.
 
WEEK 5: DYNAMIC PROCESSING
1. What it means
2. Compression
3. Limiter
4. Gates
5. De-Esser
6. Expander
The creative ways of using signal processing and dynamics control.
Students will be taken through the various ways to creatively use signal processing or dynamic processing to achieve good sound.
 
WEEK 6: STUDIO DESIGN
Students will be taken through how studios must be designed for ideal acoustics.
a. Materials – absorptive and reflective
b. Dimensions
c. Design
d. Equipment positioning / studio layout.
– Studio Monitoring
a. Studio monitors
b. Frequency response
c. Sound monitoring at different levels.